Coltsfoot is a genus of perennial herbs of the family Asteraceae. The leaves are used in medicine as an expectorant, are part of the thoracic and sweatshop charges. Coltsfoot grows mostly on clay slopes, hills, ravines, rivers, cliffs, embankments, vacant lots, and as a weed in fields. Leaves coltsfoot contain mucous substances, glycoside tussilaginis, inulin. Infusion of the leaves have an expectorant action, used in respiratory diseases.
Due to the content in the leaves of a large amount of mucus coltsfoot has enveloping effect on the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat and larynx, protecting them from irritation. In addition, mucus, saponins and organic acids soften and liquefy the dry, promote more rapid evacuation of the products of inflammation and significantly improve cough up phlegm. Plant tannins, carotenoids and sterols have a marked anti-inflammatory effect: it reduces the congestion of the mucous membranes, actively influence the various phases of the process of inflammation.
Infusion of leaves used as an astringent – in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In folk medicine, decoction, infusion, juice, coltsfoot is effectively used in pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, colds, flu, inflammation of oral cavity, dental pain, arthritis, myositis, allergy, epilepsy, malaria, edema, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal diseases, gastric ulcer, gastritis, diseases of the heart , bladder and kidneys.
External application of the coltsfoot used at skin diseases, mastitis, boils, erysipelas, ulcers, burns, and to strengthen the hair and copious dandruff. In the form of tea is recommended by healers in exudative diathesis, the general weakness of the body. In folk medicine, coltsfoot is also used in biliary colic, mastitis, loss of hair, dandruff, burns.
Contraindications are not available, but recent studies have established that prolonged regular use of coltsfoot adversely affects the liver.